Quaking aspen stands are most flammable in spring and from late summer to early fall, when surface vegetation is dormant and dry [ 16 , 21 ]. Luster Leaf; Aspects; Lawn & Garden Products; Woodlink; Birds Choice; View all Brands; Annual Care Kits Tree Health ... Poplar Aspen & Cottonwood Types. Many woodworkers and other people would like to find out how aspen vs poplar compare. It is a rapid grower in various soils and in different situations.It grows best in a rich,sandy and fairly moist soil.It is more shade-tolerant, and therefore more competi-tive, than quaking aspen and grows with other species in either scattered or small groves. (uncountable) The wood of such a tree. Often found growing in open, moist sites along waterways. Among the edible poplars are the Populus angustifolia (Narrow Leaf Poplar) Populus fremontii (Fremont cottonwood which actually might be a P. deltoides variation or even P. deltoides v. wislizeni or P. deltoides v. monilifera) P. grandidentata (Large Toothed Aspen) Populus sargentii (Sargent Cottonwood) Populus alba (White Popular from Europe) and Populus tremuloides, (the Aspen of Colorado fame.). Birch (Betula spp. Hence the names: tremula and tremuloides. Their roots, however, had the habit of entering drain and sewer systems, clogging them. Oh, the root wood of the Eastern Cottonwood was also used by the natives for drill and baseboard for friction fire lighting. A birch leaf is longer than an Aspen leaf. Since these trees grow to be quite large, they can be used for making wide boards. ; Instead there were the white of aspens , streaks of branch and slender trunk glistening from the green of leaves. Quaking aspen has smaller heart-shaped to circular (orbicular) leaves with fine (serrate) teeth on the edges. The cambium was often cut into strips and boiled or dried, ground and mixed with flour to make bread and or mush. The resin comes from a wax that coats the buds in the winter. Other names for Liriodendron tulipifera are yellow poplar, tulip poplar or American tulipwood. has medicinal properties, with aspirin ingredients derived from the inner bark of the aspirin tree. These fast-growing trees require full sun and well-draining soils. Yellow-poplar leaves are flat and slightly lobed and appear to be trimmed across the top, with two deeper lobes on either side of the midrib (the primary rib or central vein). Leaves of Aspen and Birch Tree.   But they are also members of the willow family, as is Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra), for example. The wax coats the buds to reduce water loss. Yellow poplar vs Populus genus Color: Yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) generally has a green/olive cast to certain portions of the wood.This can sometimes be enough of an indicator to separate it from other Populus species, but to ensure separation, a closer look at the endgrain is needed.Rays: A helpful key in differentiating these two genera is in the rays. Is this list complete? A poplar is any kind of fast growing tree, and an Aspen is just one of them. The Grey Poplar leaf shape is a cross between the Aspen and the White Poplar. Cottonwood leaves are typically triangular with toothed and rounded edges, but the Narrowleaf Cottonwood has lance-like leaves. Aspen Vs. Poplar In Woodworking. Aspens are a type of Poplar. It is one of the softest hardwoods available, making it very popular among woodworkers and other furniture makers. The bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) is named for the ridges (or "teeth") that run along its leaf margins that are much bigger than those on quaking aspens. On the other hand the leaf of the quaking aspen is more heart-shaped leaf with small rounded teeth. Here are many of its features: Aspen is the most widely grown tree in North America belonging to the Populus genus. are deciduous trees that belong to the Salicaceae or willow family. Good luck, and feel free to ask questions in the comments! ( Log Out /  Some leaves in April can be very white underneath and can easily be mistaken for those of the White Poplar. Cottonwoods are easily identifiable by their glossy-green leaves that glint in the sun when rustled by the breeze. With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we've expanded the list to 224 different species. Gary W. Carter/Getty Images. For a popular Poplar it is not common locally. Leaf litter dries out earlier in deciduous than in conifer forests, so the fire season may be longer in quaking aspen and balsam poplar than in spruce forests . The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Roots dried for use in friction fire making. The aspen is commonly called “quaking aspen” because its leaves quake, or tremble, with just the slightest breeze. While Poplars and Aspens are in the same genus there are differences. This led to many municipalities banning the Poplar. Due to this trembling it can be quite loud, creating a crackling sound. She claimed that aspen was the only "proper" material from which make a wicker basket. Poplar, widely used in woodworking in the United States, belongs to the species Liriodendron tulipifera and does not belong to the Populus genus of trees, which actually contains the true poplars. The wood is also used for boxes, crates, furniture, plywood, matches and paper products. Even as a kid I marveled at how the leaves of the genus quaked in the wind. ENVIRONMENT: Likes to border streams and wet valley soil. They occur on a branch alternately, are simple (single leaf) and mostly toothed. Triangular; 3"-6" long (but sometimes much larger); green above and white below, often with rusty markings. We grow the - In addition other species of poplar have been planted as ornamentals or as timber trees: White poplar or P. alba; The Aspens are only slightly resinous and have on 6 to 12 stamens. So, if you want to make a salve you have to collect buds in the winter. Bark  silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, dark gray and deeply fissured on older trees. The mature bark is gray to white with distinguishing dark diamond shape blotches. The so-called inner bark, the cambium, of the poplars listed below is edible raw. The leaves of aspen and Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate. The poplar trees are of the populus genus and belong to the salicaceae family. Winter buds slender, pointed,  to .75 inch long, yellowish brown, resinous. The real answer here is about taxonomy, the classification of plants (& other things). The genus includes the balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera), aspen or the white poplar (Populus alba), the gray poplar (Populus canescens), the black poplar (Populus nigra), and the cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Both of the aspen species have flattened petioles or leaf stems which makes the leaves flutter and clatter in every tiny breeze. These same adults also never said “Balm of Gilead” as three words but rather one:  bah-mah-GILL-ee-id. But be careful with common names! Leaves are large, triangular, to 4 inches long and wide, flattened base, coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped,  petiole is flat. Since they have a smooth texture and small pores, additional pore fillers are not required. This "trimmed" top helps distinguish the leaves from those of maples and sycamores. 1-844-873-3700 Mon-Fri 9am - 5pm Mountain time, home » griffin / brooks #1 poplar vs trembling aspen. Here in the south there are two Poplars and one Aspen, P. deltoides (the only local one) Populus heterophylla (found in northern Florida and the gulf states) and Populus grandidentata, found occasionally in North Carolina and Virginia. Poplar leaves vary in shape from the nearly triangular leaf of eastern cottonwood that resembles the ace of spades in a deck of playing cards to the almost round leaves of swamp cottonwood. But scholars think it came from arbor-populi, meaning “tree of the people.” Deltoides means triangular, referring to the leaf shape. The local Native Americans knew they were approaching aspen trees long before they could see them because of this distinct sound. Aspen – the leaves are heart shaped to rounded and are about 2 to 2 1/2 inches long. All rights reserved. poles and canoe peddles are made from aspen wood, wooden matches are also made by steaming logs, paler in color when compared to other woods, medium texture and moderate luster when compared to other woods. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The edges are more roughly serrated or toothed. It was eaten not only by North American natives but peoples in Europe and Asia. TIME OF YEAR: Catkins on single-sex trees early spring. Lombardy Poplar leaves are diamond-shaped. The Hybrid Poplar is a sterile fast growing medium-shaped tree, which makes a nice shade tree as well as for screens and windbreaks. Noun ()A kind of poplar tree (genus ). Poplar leaves can achieve lengths of 6 and 7 inches, with many having widths larger than most birch leaves are long. Leaf of the Hybrid Black Poplar ‘Robusta’ in June. The Aspens are only slightly resinous and have on 6 to 12 stamens. Poplar Aspen & Cottonwood Types. It is a very easy to grow tree that survives in extreme heat and cold. Aspen crowns found in ancient burial mounds may have been included to allow the spirits of the deceased to be reborn. Description. Additionally, with the help of satellites, leafing (or “green-up”) can be monitored over a much larger geographical area than can flowering (which requires on-the-ground observation). Individual aspen trees live about 80 years in natural forests but may only survive 20 years in urban settings. Bigtooth Aspen; Eastern Cottonwood; Quaking Aspen; Bigtooth Aspen Populus grandidentata: Usually the winter buds of the Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens (the male part of the flowers.) The white birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with a double-serrated edge or leaf margin. A crown made of aspen leaves was said to give its wearer the power to visit and return safely from the Underworld. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. I know where there is one (1) Eastern Conttonwood. Varieties of Poplar. As for the name, Populus deltoides (POP-you-los del-TOY-deez). Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen.It is commonly called quaking aspen, trembling aspen, American aspen, mountain or golden aspen, trembling poplar, white poplar, and popple, as well as others. While Poplars and Aspens are in the same genus there are differences. Size: Grows to 200' tall and 6' in diameter. In colonies of with willows, often first to inhabit new sandbars or bare flood plains. Settlers used the logs to build stockades. But why only one poplar nearby? What are their similarities and differences? Old Timers — which meant adults — used to say when the Poplars showed their silver it was going to rain. ( Log Out /  Fortunately edible Poplars elsewhere are numerous and well-distributed. Medicinally the resinous, aromatic buds of the Populus balsamifera, Populus canadicans (aka giladensis) and Populus tremuloides are used as balsamic, expectorant and stimulant. The edges are finely serrated or toothed. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Occasionally, a severe disease outbreak causes premature defoliation or dieback of parts of the tree. Aspen or Quaking Aspen Poplar Tree Aspen, or Quaking Asp (Populus tremuloides, Michx. Yellow poplar or tulipwood is widely called poplar by those who buy, sell, and use the wood. The Eastern Cottonwood is an impressive tree and was once planted as a favorite street tree and shade tree. Aspis, the aspen's Greek name, means shield, which was one of the many traditional uses of its wood. ( Log Out /  White poplar is a large, fast-growing, relatively short-lived tree for parks, golf courses and other large landscapes. An Aspen is a poplar. green or yellow cast for certain portions, large rays giving some ray fleck compared to other woods, mostly used as a filler, for a cabinet back or under a veneer, poplar is readily available for sale at lumberyards. On November 16, 2018 By JT. They are bandied about as if they are a different genus, only Poplar is a genus. I need poplar-populous edible flowers- seeds or any part of the plant but I ‘m not sure which one and where I can buy it. Distinctive five-lobed, dark green leaves have a white undersurface. Populus grandidentata is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to North America, found mostly in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. It is high in Vitamin C. The sap can also be drunk and the catkins of some species are also edible. ), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9, depending on species, and aspen (Populus spp.) The Populus genus or poplar family includes the: All of these have distinct latin names, prefixed with populus. Swedish aspen produces no fluff and is less prone to suckering than tower poplar. Poplars (Populus spp.) )Slender tree, 40 to 80 feet high, with angular, scarred twigs, and large, vigorous roots. In New England where I grew up Poplars were considered a “trash tree” short-lived and not used for much though there was one large Balm of Gilead my mother favored by the horse pasture. Leaves are dark green in the summer, yellow in the fall. Twigs have a bitter, aspirin like taste. It is also used for making sunscreen. Aspen (adjective) Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood. Aspen (noun) One of several species of poplar bearing this name, especially the Populus tremula, so called from the trembling of its leaves, which move with the slightest impulse of the air. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Leaves: Simple, alternate, deciduous. However, information that is received via satellite must be correlated with the leaf-out that is happening on the ground. Name. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Balsam poplar leaves are quite variable across its range but in general they are egg-shaped (ovate) or more narrowly spear-shaped (lanceolate) with very small teeth along the leaf margin. METHOD OF PREPARATION: Inner bark edible raw or cooked. Non-Native Poplar Species in Ireland. Swedish aspen thrives in a variety of growing conditions with little maintenance or pruning. There are some three dozen species of Poplar in the world, about 15 in North America. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. However, since aspen is very easy to grow and grows very quickly, it is cheaper than poplar, though poplar is used more extensively in woodworking and furniture. They look broader or fatter than Birch leaves. That Not exactly environmental progress. Large tree  to 100 feet, trunk 5 feet through. Female catkins, green, 2.5 to 5 inches long, seed capsules in early summer, releasing numerous small seeds attached to cotton-like strands. Because aspen poplar leaf-out times (like flowering) are influenced by temperature, they can be used to monitor the biological effects of climate change. Usually the winter buds of the Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens (the male part of the flowers.) are both deciduous trees with light-colored thin bark and leaves that turn yellow in autumn.Both are native to North America and are planted as ornamental landscaping trees. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Bark rough, dark on base of trunk, becoming pale greenish brown or nearly white, and marked with broad, dark bands below the limbs. In profile, the leaves of the yellow-poplar actually look like tulips. These noticeable differences make identification of each tree relatively straightforward, as long as the leaves are out. Aspen trees are popular specimens for fall foliage in the West. I’ve compared popular and aspen, and now you must make the choice of which wood to use for your project. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Aspen and Poplar Leaf Spots Author: W.R. Jacobi Subject: Foliage diseases can reduce the aesthetic value of aspen and cottonwood. Margins are smooth or with rounded teeth. The answer is roots. Male catkins, reddish-purple, to 4 inches long. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. igtooth aspen, poplar or popple occurs statewide and commonly grows with quaking aspen. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. This family of shrubs and trees is infamous for having vigorous root systems that seek out water. The Quaking Aspen is very popular, with its shimmering gold leaves in the fall and white trunks. Some of the features of aspen for woodworkers are as follows: Both aspen and yellow poplar are soft and lightweight compared to other woods available on the market. Change ). Twigs grayish-yellow, stout, with large triangular leaf scars. Note that while aspen is a hardwood, you’re better off playing it eliminating risk and applying a pre-stain wood conditioner (for more on this, see Carve Your Creation) before staining it. Silver-leafed poplar (Populus alba) has a different angle. The name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and grandidentata refers to the coarse teeth on the leaves (grandis meaning "large", and dentata meaning "toothed").. The Lombardy Poplar, which is an improved hybrid, has a very narrow shape that makes stately lines. It was noticeably bigger than the other Poplars, and lived far longer. The salve, used on burns and wounds is made by boiling the buds slowly in oil. Above a certain elevation, the aspens gave way to scrubby, gnarled pines. Populus is latin for “people”  but can also mean a crowd or a multitude and in many places these trees grow in colonies. Learn how your comment data is processed. IDENTIFICATION: Eastern Cottonwood. ( Log Out /  Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. This is another relative that grows taller—50 to 80 feet—than quaking aspen.