Check with your local council about requirements for your whenua or planned development. The landowner would usually charge the lessee for the use of water, if irrigation is provided. The potato is a very accommodating and adaptable plant, and will produce well without ideal soil and growing conditions. By the 1800s, it had also become an important commercial crop, playing a key role … More than 50 varieties are grown in New Zealand. Where are you? Working at sites across key potato-growing areas, our potato research focuses on new cultivars with traits desired by the consumer, such as nutritional value, colour and flavour, and increasing quality and productivity for processing - size, shape and cooking quality. Do continue the rotation of your crops in your garden and try not to grow potatoes where either tomatoes, potatoes or sweet corn have been growing in a previous year. Password. Established growers are often eager to lease land that they can work into their existing crop rotation. - Tom De Marti. Weeds and insect pests are controlled while the crop is growing using a mixture of cultivation methods and sprays. Position a seed potato (more than one if the container is big) on top and cover with 10-15cm of potting mix. Is it a good time to get some spuds into the garden be ready for Christmas Day? Potatoes don't like particularly rich soil. Horticulture New Zealand collects $0.14 per $100 of sales. Best practice is to then rest the field in pasture for 3-5 years before cropping again. Potatoes Plant & Food Research has New Zealand's only commercial potato breeding programme. The yield depends on the variety grown and the growing conditions during the season. ©2020 Te Puni Kōkiri. Potatoes are sensitive to heavy frosts, which damage them in the ground. How much potato fertiliser you need to add before planting and during the growing period will depend on the quantity already in the soil as well as the variety grown. Fresh potatoes can be on retail shelves within hours of coming out of the ground. Potatoes grow for 120-150 days from the date of planting. Don’t underestimate the importance of weeding. Plant tuber. Commercial potato production is a complex, specialized commercial enterprise that requires a high degree of technical skill and practical experience on the part of the producer. Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply. How to grow potatoes in a pot. Potatoes. This figure was up from $99m in the 2010 survey. They will be able to provide advice and find out whether your project qualifies for funding. Half-fill container with Yates Premium Potting Mix. In the 3 years to 2017 the average price for open market potatoes varied between $400 and $700 per tonne, depending on: There’s a slight premium for early season potatoes, with at least $500-$600 per tonne expected. Cover with about 5cm of soil and water well. The price you’re paid for your crop is either set down in your contract (if you have a contract with a processor), or set by the market at the time you harvest your crop. Certified nutrient management advisors can help you manage nutrient levels and leaching in your soils. Potatoes grow best in cool, well-drained, loose soil that is about 45° to 55°F (7° to 13°C). If you’re short of space, you can grow potatoes in a large pot or even an old bucket. A weed free area promotes strong potato plant growth. Potatoes can also be found found growing commercially in Otago and Southland. All-purpose potato suitable for roasting, salads, and soups. The largest producer is Canterbury, followed by Auckland, Waikato, Manawatu-Wanganui and Hawke's Bay. All rights reserved. Punch a few holes in the bottom of the bucket for drainage. handling dangerous substances, including sprays and fertilisers, operating equipment, including tractors and specialised heavy machinery. Buy potatoes suited for end use. Potatoes are New Zealand’s second highest vegetable export earner (NZ$94.2 million in 2007). You may be able to hire the equipment in your area, but if not it can be expensive to buy. Monitor the water content of the soil and weigh up the cost of irrigation against the potential loss of yield if the soil begins to dry out. Antarctica : Maincrop variety. Potato crops have the same basic growing requirements as a wide range of other fresh vegetable crops, so they're a great option to include in your rotation. There are more than 50 varieties of potato grown commercially in New Zealand, so talk to your seed merchant about the best varieties for your region and the yield you should reasonably expect. Potatoes require a fertile soil, so add Tui Potato Food at recommended rate.Best to apply when mounding. a potato planter costs around $45,000, and. (Show °C/cm) Space plants: 12 - 16 inches apart ; Harvest in 15-20 weeks. “Seed” Potatoes Swift is fast growing with exceptional taste, great for growing in containers. Other farming inputs required for potato farming business include herbicides, for effective weed control at your farm. Red Fantasy. Words: Jane Wrigglesworth . Commercial customers that have placed orders online can log in here to view their orders and place new orders. Our extensive germplasm collection includes both commercial and non-commercial lines, giving our breeders access to wide genetic variability for parental lines. For example: The grower needs to understand the technical processes of preparing, planting and monitoring the crop as it grows. Email address. The information in this fact sheet has been contributed by AgFirst, Potatoes New Zealand and Te Puni Kōkiri kaimahi. The 3 main avenues into the potato industry are: Many growers also sell some of their crop to people at local markets and from roadside stalls. my elderly husband grew them for many years, and i would really love to grow them too. In New Zealand's dry south we can grow grains and I know of some experiments in Northland with rice, but most of us are left with the choice of corn or potatoes… A smooth looking potato is not necessarily better than a misshapen one. To prevent the build-up of pathogens in the soil, farmers avoid growing potato on the same land from year to year. Rocket is a good boiling potato with waxy texture. With the trend towards increased processing use of potatoes, growers have oriented their production practices to the type of market in which they expect to sell. New Zealand's potato industry, which is worth $1 billion and amounts to half a million tonnes annually, has been shaken by reports of a huge 2.6 million tonne surplus in … Potatoes have shallow roots and they're sensitive to drought. You don't need a large garden to grow potatoes. As the potatoes grow on the shoots mounding up, the soil will keep the growing potatoes (tubers) from going green and protect them from pests. Around 525,000 tonnes of … Based on an average yield of 64 tonne and a market price of $400-$700 per tonne, the average gross revenue per hectare is in the range of $25,600 to $44,800. As sprouts pop up through the soil continue to cover with garden mix until you reach the top of your container. The nitrogen and phosphorus will feed the haulm (foliage) and root system with the potash feeding the tubers themselves. Potatoes are susceptible to insect, viral, bacterial and fungal diseases. However, if the soil is still significantly moist, allow the cut potatoes to heal for 7-10 days before planting. If you’re short of space, you can grow potatoes in a large pot or even an old bucket. The contract is signed before you plant your crop. New Zealanders love fresh tomatoes. Red Rascal. Choose potatoes that have no cuts, bruises, green patches or shoots. Answer. Potatoes grown in soils with a higher pH seem prone to scab, which produces rough spots on the potato. NZGAP is a system that helps growers to keep up with compliance requirements, including food safety requirements. If you plan to grow more than 6 seed potatoes, go for a barrel-sized pot. You’ll need to plant the crop after the risk of frost has passed, as frost will damage the plants. Look for “Early potato” varieties like; Illam Hardy, Cliffs Kidney, Jersey Bennes, and Marist Anchor as they usually mature more quickly. Currently, the value generated by potatoes in NZ is: Each of these market sectors have domestic and export markets. It is not comprehensive enough to support detailed decision-making. Potatoes planted in the ground will always be more productive, but when short on room, grow them in a bucket – a great use for cracked, broken buckets. New Zealanders love fresh tomatoes. They love soils that are deep, easily worked, and well drained. New Zealand produces 500,000 tonnes of potatoes a year and is the ninth-biggest exporter of potatoes in the world. Potatoes store well in the ground, so you have some flexibility on when to bring the crop to market if you miss the early season. Our genomics researchers are investigating the molecular control of key traits to inform the breeding programme. Most of New Zealand's potatoes are grown in Canterbury, Auckland, Waikato, Manawatu-Wanganui and Hawke's Bay. Preparation is critical to the success of your potato crop. The land should also have the right soil structure. In future it is likely that all regions will need to have FEPs for commercial growing. Potatoes take 14-20 weeks to mature depending on their type. Punch a few holes in the bottom of the bucket for drainage. A smooth looking potato is not necessarily better than a misshapen one. Whether contracting or supplying the open market, you’ll need access to potato planting and harvesting equipment. You’ll need to understand the technical processes of preparing, planting and monitoring the crop as it grows. for a price that is set by market conditions at that time. Base your harvest date on the availability of equipment and labour, as well as discussions with your wholesaler about what the market’s doing. Lack of water when tubers are developing will give you a lower yield, with heavier cropping varieties showing the biggest loss. The 3 key strategic targets for the industry are: Soil, water and environment are key themes in the strategic plan, with a focus on developing infrastructure and methods to improve the efficiency of water and nutrient use. As summer stumbles along we’re heading into winter crop planting time and leeks are one crop that are best planted sooner rather than later. Care. New research project will provide insight into kiwifruit disease Psa, Scientists are cracking the code to kiwifruit pollination success using a “digital twin”, First apple to be launched from Hot Climate Programme, Message to our customers, collaborators and partners regarding COVID-19, New red kiwifruit cultivar to be released. The lease contract will include information about: It's important to get advice from qualified, experienced advisors before you commit to leasing your whenua. French fry potatoes ‘Lone Ranger’ and ‘Bondi’. You can wait until weather conditions, availability of contractors and market conditions are suitable before harvesting your crop. This can be reduced by crop rotation —  for example, by growing a crop such as brassicas in the year before and the year after your potato crop, to reduce the amount of nitrogen in the soil. Potatoes New Zealand collects $0.85 per $100 of sales, and. All-purpose floury potato suitable for boiling, roasting, salads . The average crop size has increased steadily over the last 20 years and now sits at an average of 64 tonne per hectare. Both organisations collect compulsory levies under the Commodity Levies Act 1990. Plant seed potatoes (pieces of the whole potato or a small whole potato, with at least 2 eyes per piece) 0-2 weeks after last spring frost. … Planting. Potatoes require a free draining soil rich in organic matter (compost). Sandy soils are more likely to need irrigation than other soil types. Potato growers will be affected by the NPSFM 2014, and its update in 2019. Potatoes prefer a sunny aspect. 20 Feb 20 Tom De Marti (USA - Zone 10a climate) We're looking for red seed potatoes to grow in SoCal. Susceptible to potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis Ro1 and potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida Pa3/2,1. Although commercial taewa production ceased, Māori have continued to grow them. Taewa (or rīwai) is a collective name for the varieties of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) cultivated by Māori. Potato Variety Catalogue Since 1950 Alex McDonald Ltd have been growing high health seed potatoes across the Canterbury plains. We're always keen to hear Aotearoa's favourite ways to eat ngā Rīwai. Swift potatoes will not discolour or disintegrate on steaming. Your pot will also need to contain a sizable drainage hole. Position a seed potato (more than one if the container is big) on top and cover with 10-15cm of potting mix. more fuel cost to drag heavy, mud-clogged bins, and. That way the you can be confident that the potato will cook as expected. Frozen potatoes … All-purpose potato suitable for boiling, chipping and salads. The industry has shown steady growth over the years – in 2018 the national crop increased by 30,000 tonne to over half a million tonnes in total, and generated over a billion dollars in revenue. Potatoes New Zealand can give you advice when you are working out the best option for your whenua. Less than 5 hectares may be unprofitable. Replying to: We're looking for red seed potatoes to grow in SoCal. The principal crops in order of tonnage are: potatoes, 262,500 tonnes Potatoes are efficient, adaptable and high yielding. Your pot will also need to contain a sizable drainage hole. Working in both local and overseas markets we produce quality seed potatoes for the French Fry, Fresh Market and Crisping sectors. PLANT TYPE J First thing you need to decide is what kind of potato you want grow. The site should be north-facing with free-draining soil. Hewson Farms, in … Wilcox cook-test potatoes and then label them accordingly. Growing potatoes involves extensive ground preparation. Succession hearings at the Māori Land Court, Transferring ownership through gifting or whānau trusts, Setting up a trust or governance structure, Developing an Investment Policy Statement, Creating and maintaining a register of owners, Communicating with trustees and stakeholders, Putting a kawenata on your whenua with Ngā Whenua Rāhui, Protecting your whenua with a QEII covenant, Funding through the Provincial Growth Fund and the Whenua Māori Fund, Parininihi ki Waitotara: strengthening ties to whānau and whenua, Matuaokore whānau connect with whenua to put the past to rights, Creating kiwifruit gold for Te Kaha landowners, The Ahuwhenua Trophy — Excellence in Māori farming. Your reply. Spraying, fertilising and cultivating the land is typically around $2,200 per hectare. Working at sites across key potato-growing areas, our potato research focuses on new cultivars with traits desired by the consumer, such as nutritional value, colour and flavour, and increasing quality and productivity for processing - size, shape and cooking quality. An influx of European potato fries into New Zealand has already impacted on domestic growers, with less product planned for growing and staff job losses. Plant seed potatoes (pieces of the whole potato or a small whole potato, with at least 2 eyes per piece) 0-2 weeks after last spring frost. Q&As / Vegetable Gardening / Potatoes / Growing Potatoes. Some retailers and wholesalers will only take crops from an NZGAP certified supply channel. Username. Potatoes should be alternated with at least one other crop for up to 5 years. Many gardeners plant their leeks in autumn, hoping they’ll fatten up in time for winter picking. A contract is an agreement with a processor such as Watties, Mr Chips or McCain foods. Potatoes Plant & Food Research has New Zealand's only commercial potato breeding programme. Approximately one quarter of the annual crop is exported. Even cold weather makes potatoes more Potatoes have one of the highest levels of nitrogen leaching among common vegetable crops. The soil. Unfortunately, however, numerous farmers each year decide to take the plunge into commercial strawberry growing… and go bust. HOW TO GROW POTATOES Get all the help you need online at mitre10.co.nz/easyas The good old potato – you can use them in so many different ways, from salads to Sunday roasts. The growing and packing of seed potatoes is carried out on farms within the area of the Canterbury Plains. Around 25% of our total crop is exported. Operational costs for a season of growing potatoes depends on the variety you’re growing, and whether you own your own machinery or are using contractors. Also there is a short report Mesh crop covers for pest control in commercial crop production that explains the history of mesh crop covers, their benefits and their current use in commercial production. Commercial potato production is a complex, specialized commercial enterprise that requires a high degree of technical skill and practical experience on the part of the producer. Grow potatoes in rows spaced about 3 … Industry body Potatoes New Zealand offers a wide range of support for members including information, advice, and grants for work that explores or develops new markets. Commercial growers plant potatoes as a row crop using seed tubers, with specific insecticide and fungicide treatments “in furrow” applied to prevent diseases and pest damage. understanding compliance obligations, including nutrient management, the Food Act and New Zealand Good Agricultural Practice (NZGAP). Commercially viable blocks start around 5 hectares. Words: Kath Irvine Potatoes are a great crop for beginners. As long as your seed potatoes have ‘eyes’, which are shoots on various parts of the potatoes, they can be cut in half and planted. A good structure allows good water infiltration into the soil and water drainage through the soil, exchange of gases in and out of the soil, and optimal root development. sitemap | disclaimer | terms of use, Copyright © 2020 The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited, ‘Purple Heart’, a fresh market potato with high concentrations of antioxidant purple colouring in the flesh and skin, ‘Purple Passion’ with high levels of purple colour in the skin and yellow flesh, High yielding ‘Allura’ for the fresh market, White-fleshed ‘Moonlight’ for general purpose and French fry. The best time of planting is when the maximum and minimum temperatures are from 30°C to 32°C and 18°C to 20°C, respectively; The planting period for different potato growing regions is given. Generally potatoes grow best in deep, loose, loamy soil that is not too rich – 2 parts garden soil to 1 part compost is a good mix for hills and raised beds. As the shoots pop up through the soil mound the soil around the shoots until the potato branches start to flower. If your soil is compacted or you till too shallowly, your plants won’t have enough soil to grow in and yields will be low. Learn more. Amora : Amora will produce high yields of uniform, oval tubers with yellow skins and flesh. Place seed potatoes 25cm apart with the sprouts pointing up and cover carefully with soil. Planting takes place over a 4 – 6 month period depending on potato variety, season and growing region. Reset your password; Gardeners. The income from your crop is determined by your yield and the price you’re paid per tonne. Growing Potatoes. New Zealand uses more land for growing potatoes than any other crop, with over 10,000 hectares grown by 175 commercial potato growers each year. Before European settlement, taewa was a staple food crop for Māori. This figure was up from $99m in the 2010 survey. Cliff Kidney performs best in soils that contain peat. i see a few people on here mention them. Potatoes grow best in soil that has been mounded above the existing soil level. The crop will usually be ready to harvest 120-150 days after planting, depending on the variety planted and growing conditions. Commercial Submit. Red King. You can provide feedback on the content on this or any fact sheet by emailing the Whenua Māori programme: whenuainfo@tpk.govt.nz. Learn more. Check with the company that you are supplying. Taewa were introduced to New Zealand in the late 18th century and became a staple Māori food crop before the arrival of European settlers. Plant kumara tubers in sand in a raised bed or pot, keep watered and wait for the shoots to sprout. Learn more. Potatoes can be grown in a variety of soil types, however alkaline soils and saline soils are not a good fit for potato farming. Although commercial taewa production ceased, Māori have continued to grow them. Round, white White, waxy Good boiling potato with waxy texture. Crops are grown from seed potatoes dropped into furrows by a mechanical planter at a precise depth and spacing. Your name. Yield will suffer if they’re shaded during the day. They will be able to provide detailed, impartial advice on what will (and won't) work on your whenua. Growing potatoes really is child's play - here Manawatu school pupils plant them in buckets. The Statistics New Zealand Household Economic Survey reported that New Zealand households spent $114.9 million on fresh tomatoes in the year to June 2016, just behind spending on potatoes. An early bulking variety with good all-round disease resistance, well suited to the early processing market. Crop rotation is one of the most important and effective pest control methods. Learn more. Growing Potato . If you plan to grow more than 6 seed potatoes, go for a barrel-sized pot. The open market means selling to a wholesaler, such as Turners and Growers or MG Marketing, who on-sells to supermarkets, shops and other retailers. TomatoesNZ represents the interests of all commercial fresh tomato growers throughout New Zealand. If possible, seek out advice from people who grow potatoes in your area as well as knowledgeable suppliers. These levies can change, so check their websites to make sure you have the latest information. ensures your product meets buyer requirements. Potatoes need fertile, well drained soils with good sun. You can grow under contract with a processor, sell directly to a wholesaler or lease your land to another grower. The soil needs to be harr… Growers get a higher price, but it is not usually possible to sell your whole crop this way. They grew vegetables for five firms that processed them into canned or dehydrated products such as tomato paste, frozen vegetables and potato crisps. The industry is pursuing exciting opportunities in both export and the New Zealand markets, supported by innovation and collaboration with stakeholders and with new partnerships with the Crown and […] Potatoes can be planted very early in the gardening season—as you soon as the frost is out of the soil and you are able to work the soil! Some of the key industry-specific compliance obligations are listed below. The soil is then ridged to form rows over the seeds. Great for growing in containers and best for boiling. The requirements include rules about how the crop is handled, managing spray residue, and withholding periods. This means there’s a total cost of around $5,000 per hectare to establish and grow the crop. If you’re using a local packhouse, get in touch with them to discuss costs. If you have a good amount of organic matter in the soil and the pH is neutral to acidic, the potatoes should be happy. It’s also important to test your soil before adding any fertiliser, to make sure you don't add any more than the crop needs. 12 Jul 20, Denese Schick (New Zealand - sub-tropical climate) Hi potato growers! Choose potatoes for end use, rather than specific varieties. View the Potato page. Māori grew taewa commercially until the late 19th century. Answer. The industry's strategic and business plan is available on the Potatoes New Zealand website. The best yields are achieved when the average daily temperature is between 18oC and 20oC — potatoes don’t grow well in temperatures below 10oC or above 30oC. The Statistics New Zealand Household Economic Survey reported that New Zealand households spent $114.9 million on fresh tomatoes in the year to June 2016, just behind spending on potatoes. Potatoes don't need to be cured or stored after harvest. The main growing regions for processed crops are Gisborne/Hawke’s Bay, Rangitīkei/Manawatū, Marlborough and Canterbury. Learn more. Susceptible to potato virus Yo. The best time of planting is when the maximum and minimum temperatures are from 30°C to 32°C and 18°C to 20°C, respectively; The planting period for different potato growing regions is given. Growing potatoes really is child's play - here Manawatu school pupils plant them in buckets. Talk to the industry organisation to see what support and resources they can offer to people thinking about growing potatoes. Tomato potato psyllid (TPP) The use of mesh started in NZ as a means to control the tomato potato psyllid (TPP) on potatoes. Most commercial chemical feeds specific for potatoes are balanced as 2:2:3, that is equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus with half as much again of potash or 3:5:5. NOURISH Feed your potatoes and they will feed you. By 2007 over half the New Zealand potato crop was processed, mainly as French fries (chips) and crisps. Question. Like most vegetable crops, potatoes are best suited to flat to rolling land and LUC classes 1-4. Many councils require consents for access to irrigation water and for other activities related to changing land use. Naturally loose soils, which offer the least resistance to enlargement of the tubers, are preferred, and loamy and sandy loam soils that are rich in organic matter, with good drainage and aeration, are the most suitable. Tests for resistance to potato cyst nematode demonstrated resistance to Globodera rostochiensis Ro1 and susceptibility to Globodera pallida Pa 2/3, 1 and Splitting. They can even be grown in a pot inside the house - … With the trend towards increased processing use of potatoes, growers have oriented their production practices to the type of market in which they expect to sell. to increase profit per hectare by $150 year on year, by improving productivity, to double the value of all exports by 2025. to increase the value of the domestic market by 50% by 2025. Growers choose their varieties based on location, and whether they're growing: Potatoes should be rotated with other crops to manage disease and support soil health — it's best not to grow them in the same field 2 seasons in a row. Post your question or advice. ... Christchurch, New Zealand. Great for growing in containers. Our breeders have over 30 years' experience and a number of commercial successes. In clay soils, the potato plot should be raised or built up some 15cm above the surrounding soil to ensure good drainage.

commercial potato growing nz

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